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Do you devote full time to the business?

Excerpted from "Social Security Handbook". See the up-to-date, official Social Security Handbook at

811. Do you devote full time to the business?

811.1 Do you work full time for the business of your employer?

If you work full time for your employer, a factor of control exists. Since your employer has control over the amount of time you spend working, you are restricted from doing other gainful work. On the other hand, an independent contractor can choose for whom to work and when to work.

811.2 What does "full time" work mean?

Full time does not necessarily mean an eight-hour work day or a five-day work week. The meaning of "full time" may vary by the nature of your job, the customs where you live, and your intentions as well as those of your employer.

811.3 What if there is no verbal or written agreement specifying full time employment?

Although you may not have a formal agreement, full-time services may be required of you. For example, some workers are not contractually permitted to work for anyone else. Another example is a worker who has to meet a production minimum. This production minimum may require that the worker devote all working hours to the business. In the previous examples, the workers are considered full time employees.

Last Revised: March, 2001

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